How AI will transform how science gets done

Eric Schmidt 2023

– Nvidia is building an AI-powered "digital twin" called Earth-2, which uses AI models to predict weather accurately and faster than current methods.

– The use of AI in science has the potential to revolutionize the scientific process and lead to creative inventions and discoveries.

– AI tools are already transforming literature reviews, helping scientists formulate stronger hypotheses and run simulations faster.

– AI can assist in experimental processes, conducting experiments faster, cheaper, and at a greater scale.

– Self-driving labs powered by AI can interpret experimental results, recommend the next experiment, and even order supplies for further experiments.

– AI tools lower barriers to entry for new scientists, open up opportunities for nontraditional talent, and can offer "peer" reviews of new papers.

– The combination of AI and robotics in self-driving labs poses challenges that need to be addressed.

– AI can help address science's replicability crisis and verify existing knowledge.

– Smart regulation is needed to address the intentional and unintentional misuse of AI, along with support from governments and philanthropy for high social return scientific projects.

– The speed and scale offered by AI simulations and self-driving labs are crucial for urgent areas like climate change, biosecurity, and pandemic preparedness.

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